Tanzania is a country in Eastern Africa, it is located South of the equator and it is world famous for its incredible natural scenery and the high concentration of animals in the many national parks and reserves.
Tanzania or rather, the United Republic of Tanzania, is born and takes its name from the merger of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, following independence obtained from Great Britain.
The country is bordered to the East by the Indian Ocean with its beautiful white beaches, South by Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia, West by Burundi, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo, and to the North by the Uganda and Kenya with which constitutes the East African community, an economic community aimed at helping and supporting the economic growth of the member states.
The Kilimanjaro Mount, the highest peak in Africa and the highest solitary mountain in the world, is located on the territory of Tanzania that in the North, it is mostly mountainous; here in addition to the Kilimanjaro are also the Meru Mount, the Ngorongoro Crater and the Pare Mountains.
The most distinctive feature of the morphology of the Tanzanian territory is made up by the Great Rift Valley that crosses the country from North to South, followed by the great lakes that mark its territory.
Three of the largest lakes on the continent are in fact in Tanzania although shared with other neighboring countries: the Victoria Lake, the second largest fresh water lake in the world, is located on the border with Uganda and Kenya to the North; on the West the Tanganyika Lake is the deepest lake of the continent and the second in the world and marks the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo; finally the Malawi Lake in the South-West of the country bordering with the same name state.
The population of Tanzania is made up of many ethnic groups, more than 120 ethnic groups are present on the territory, both of Bantu and Nilotic origin such as the Maasai.
Tanzania is also the East African state with the largest population but with the lowest density; nearly a third of the population lives in urban areas and about two-thirds of the population is under the threshold of 25 years old.
The cities where the population is concentrated are Dar Es Salaam overlooking the Indian Ocean, that was the capital until 1973 when it was decided to transfer the political functions to Dodoma, city located in the middle of the country but even today it has not taken definitely the role of political and administrative capital of the state, leaving this role to Dar Es Salaam; while Arusha is the main city for tourism, all the safaris start from this town situated at the foot of the Meru Mount.
The presence of the colonizers, European and Arab, had an important influence on the religions present in the area at present: 35% of the population is Christian, another 35% is Muslim and it is mainly concentrated in Zanzibar and on the coast, while the remaining 30% of the population still practices traditional religions.
Economically Tanzania is still largely based on agriculture that gives work to 80% of the population, the country is, however, rich in natural resources such as gold and fabulous national parks that attract every year hundreds of thousands of tourists, these items affect more and more the state budget.