Tanzania is a natural paradise, here you will find many great national parks become an icon of the photographic safari, the route taken by the Great Migration of wildebeests and zebras takes place largely in Tanzanian territory in one of the most famous parks in the world: the Serengeti National Park.
The Serengeti plains are the very idea of the African savannah, the endless expanses, dotted only by a few acacia trees, are the territory where an incredible variety of species of animals live and breed, are the arena of epic battles to conquer females and for the defense of the territory, they are the territory of the cheetahs fast hunt and of the majestic lions and above all it is the scenario that is the background to the Great Migration, more than a half million wildebeests and zebras running along the circuit of life always in search of new pastures.
The crater of the Ngorongoro is the earthly representation of Eden; imploded inside the caldera of an extinct volcano it was created, over the centuries, a perfectly balanced environment where they can live buffalos, lions, rhinos, hyenas, caracals and numerous species of antelopes.
The Ngorongoro is a self-sufficient microcosm, there is a lake that provides the necessary water, grasslands, small hills and wooded areas and the volcano walls are covered with dense vegetation growing thanks to the humidity of the morning mists.
The Ngorongoro Crater is not the only volcano on Tanzanian soil; along the Great Rift Valley in fact there are several volcanoes, the most famous is undoubtedly the Kilimanjaro, the highest solitary mountain in the world, there is also the Meru Mount dominating the Arusha area while the Ol Doinyo Lengai overlooks the Natron Lake.
You can make excursions to conquer the summit of these volcanoes, the Kilimanjaro Mount, with its 5,895 meters height, is a challenge for even the most trained athletes, simpler instead climbing to the top of the Meru Mount that also gives sightings of different species of wildlife, while you can ascend the Ol Doinyo Lengai to attend a religious ceremony of the Maasai, who are used to bring gifts to the gods on the crater rim.
Arusha is the city from which most of the safari in the Northern circuit start; it is also the city of coffee, there are many plantations that you can visit; Arusha is also venue to the Arusha National Park, where you may spot white and black colobus and many species of birds as well as giraffes, buffalos, different species of antelopes and hundreds of thousands of pink flamingos both greater and lesser.
The nearby Tarangire and Manyara Lake National Parks guarantee the sighting of the many elephant herds of Tanzania and the majestic baobabs.
To the South lies the Southern parks circuit, the Ruaha National Park and the Selous Game Reserve.
The Ruaha is the first natural park by extension of the entire Tanzania, home to all the typical animals of the African savannah: lions, hyenas, leopards, cheetahs, wild dogs, elephants, giraffes, zebras and many species of antelopes.
The Selous Game Reserve is divided into two sections, a naturalist one for photo safaris and another one dedicated to hunting, in the park there is a high concentration of animals such as elephants, crocodiles, hippos and wild dogs and many species of birds.
The region overlooking the Tanganyika Lake is home to two major parks for the conservation of primates, especially chimpanzees: the Mahale Mountains National Park and the Gombe Stream National Park.
Tanzania is not only a paradise for safari but also the ideal destination for those who want to relax in the sun on the beautiful beaches, Zanzibar is the holiday capital in the name of long white beaches and blue candid waters; but in Zanzibar, visiting Stone Town, you can also discover the island's history, that played an important role in trade and slave trade in the Indian Ocean for several centuries.
Another island that lies off the coast of Tanzania is the island of Mafia where you can go hiking and diving in order to closely observe the marine life and the huge whale shark.
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