Zimbabwe is a country in Southern Africa bordered to the South with South Africa, to the North with Zambia, to the East with Mozambique and to the West with Botswana; it has a long history, still visible today for those who visit the various archaeological sites.
Its natural parks and conservation areas contain within them different habitats from open savannah and wooded savannah up to the wooded areas and a stretch of tropical forest; in all of these biomes are living different animal species.
Zimbabwe is one of the few African countries where there are all the Big 5; elephants, hippos and crocodiles are present in large numbers along the waterways, particularly along the Zambezi River, that, as well as being the most important river in the country, is the primary source of water of different species of antelopes and other herbivorous, and also the perfect habitat for many species of birds.
The Zambezi River is not the only source of water in the country, there are also the Limpopo River, the Kariba Lake and many other streams and smaller lakes that provide an ever-striking landscape.
Noteworthy are also the lesser-known Mutarazi waterfalls that perform a jump of 762 meters and the most famous Victoria Falls that are located along the Zambezi River on the border with Zambia.
Visiting the country, the landscapes frequently change, in addition to the savannah and forests, there are the mountains 2,500 meters a.s.l. high, the cultivated plateaus, really unique hilly areas almost always composed of kopjes; the rock formations and the long geological history of the country meaning that Zimbabwe offers varying landscapes to those who visit.
In Zimbabwe there are 5 sites declared World Heritage by UNESCO among history, nature and culture: the Victoria Falls, the Great Zimbabwe, the Khami Ruins, the Matopos National Park and the Mana Pools National Park.
The Victoria Falls are one of the most spectacular natural attractions in the world, the earth cracked on a front longer than one kilometer, swallows the waters of the Zambezi River.
The falls are part of two national parks, the Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park in Zambia and the Victoria Falls National Park in Zimbabwe, they were discovered by the Scottish explorer Livingstone who gave them the name of the Queen of the United Kingdom and Ireland.
The two archaeological sites of Great Zimbabwe and Khami Ruins, little known to most travelers, allow to discover the history of Zimbabwe; these places were important cities in the Middle Age and the remains of their buildings, made dry, ie without using mortar or cement but only using carved stone blocks, are still visible today.
The Matopos National Park offers a landscape of unmatched beauty, especially here you can see some very strange rock formations; due to weathering these rocks have been smoothed over the centuries and now seem positioned in balance, appearing about to fall at any moment.
This park is very interesting from a geological point of view since it contains within it thousands of caves and sites where you can see several rock paintings.
The Mana Pools National Park, located in the heart of the Zambezi Valley, is a wild place, and takes its name from the Mana Pools, natural pools that are created along the Zambezi River, this place is a haven for many species of mammals and birds thanks to pools that are able to retain water throughout the year, thus attracting a concentration of many species of animals and water birds, especially during the dry season.
In Zimbabwe there are also other national parks such as the Hwange National Park and the Matusadona National Park, where there is a high concentration of wildlife.
The Hwange National Park is located near the Kalahari basin, and this means that, in the South, the desert savannah prevails; while in the Northern area the wooded savannah dominates and there are also many puddles of water in the vicinity of which, numerous species of animals dependent from water, usually gather.
The Matusadona Park, enclosed between two rivers, is a hilly and wooded area, that extends up to the shore of the Kariba Lake; it teems with birds and animals including large herds of elephants, predators families and many species of antelopes, also in the area of the lake there are many species of waterfowls.
Other parks that you can visit in Zimbabwe are the Chizarira, the Kazuma Pan, the Nyanga, with its mountains high up to 2,500 meters and its "Alpine" environment, the Chimanimani, with its lush mountains where many primates live, the Gonarezhou, hosting the Chilojo Cliffs, hills of incredible beauty, this park is the portion in Zimbabwe of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park, an area that also includes the Kruger National Park in South Africa and the Limpopo National, the Banhine and the Zunane Parks in Mozambique.