The river's name comes from the union of two words: Tara and Ngire: "Tara" in Mbugwe language means "river" but also "snaking"; while the word "Ngire" in Hadzabe language means "warthog", and actually many warthogs live here.
There are different viable tracks within the park where you can go on walking safari and discover this gem of nature.
Travelling Southwards, the Lemiyon Route divides into two paths: the Burungi Lake Route Westwards and the Matete Route Eastwards.
The Burungi Lake Route is a pleasant path winding up for 80 km in the combretum and acacia woods; with a bit of luck, you can spot the leopard here; along the way you can enjoy beautiful views of the Burungi Lake and the Manyara Lake and also the Milima Mitatu peaks, also known as "the three hills."
The Matete Route takes its name from the cane fields and the very high elephant grass that grow along the banks of the Tarangire River; this route is one of the best in the park to spot the animals, not only herbivorous and carnivores, but also many species of birds can easily be spotted in this area.
In addition to the Tarangire river, in the central area of the park lie the Silale Swamps, a very scenic area from where you can enjoy many sightings.
During the green season, some tracks cannot be viable because of the marshy ground.
In the Western part of the park you can take the Kitibong Hill Route, that, as the name suggests, runs around the Kitibong Hills.
The Southern part of the park is wild and unspoiled but hard to reach and therefore little frequented; here the landscape is mostly flat with grasslands and swamps.
In the Southern part of the park there are two main routes: the Gursi Route and the Lamarkau Route, both crossing the grasslands that are home to many species of the plain, such as ostriches.
The Southernmost part of the Tarangire National Park is divided into two areas: the Mkungunero to the South-West and the Nguselororobi to the East, where there are several fresh water springs attracting many animal species and you can spot cheetahs.