Primarily the demographic growth is threatening wildlife, under different aspects; in particular the construction of buildings, roads and railways, as well as the increase of farmed fields close to the conservation areas restrict the movements of the animals that usually go outside the boundaries of these areas; a further obstacle is the increase in the number of Maasai villages within the Conservation Area.
Last but not least, poaching, either that practiced for meat both for subsistence or commercial reasons, namely the trade of ivory, horns and trophies, is a major cause of the decrease of animals and the destruction of vegetation, not only in the Masai Mara, but also throughout the African continent.
The main challenges of the Great Masai Mara ecosystem to survive
- Demographic growth
- Excessive and uncontrolled tourism development
- Increase in off-road driving in the reserves
- Exploitation of the Mara River Basin