The Hamer or Hamar are a population living in the Omo Valley region in Ethiopia, they are a population of farmers and breeders who, still today, live according to tradition and practice different rites, that are handed down from one generation to the next.

The Hamer are known for their special initiation rie, called the bull jump, in which young men must pass a test of skill and strength in order to become adults and be able to marry; the Hamer share this ritual, albeit with some small differences, with the Kara and the Banna.

Another reason why the Hamer are known is the attention they have towards their physical appearance; they pay particular attention and care to the realization of their elaborate hairstyles that make them immediately identifiable.

The Hamer live in traditional villages, where several families live, each family has its own hut; the huts are arranged in a circle and in the center of the village there is the cattle fence.


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Hamer people - Photo Credits: Romina Facchi

The Hamer