Botswana is a Souther African country and is characterized by a continental sub-tropical climate due to its distance from the ocean, its territory is semi-arid and arid, with the exception of the Northernmost part of the country, that is characterized by higher precipitation.
The country's climate is characterized by two seasons: the dry season, in the months from May to October, and the rainy season, from November to April; almost all year round there is a strong temperature range, both between day and night and between summer and winter, while precipitation and humidity are usually scarce.
As a result of the aridity of its territory, many watercourses in Botswana are seasonal and are dry for much of the year; the Okavango River and its Delta are an exception as they have water all year and are an important source for many animals during the dry season, as well as the Chobe, Linyanti and Kwando rivers.
Rainfall occurs in the warmer months, when the sun is close to the Zenith, ie from November to April, with a higher concentration between January and February.
The duration and intensity of the rains are determined by the interaction of three air streams: the damp air coming from the Equatorial belt, the monsoon winds coming from the North-East and the aliseums that come from the South-East.
Usually the humid air flow from Congo reaches the Southernmost point between January and February and abandons Botswana in April, taking rains away.
There is no best season to visit Botswana, each season has its peculiarities and natural wonders.
The dry season is the period that records the highest number of visits, the absence of rain makes it easier to move around the country, and poor vegetation and cooler climate can facilitate sightings.
The rainy season may not be for all travelers, but lush vegetation, dramatic thunderstorms and animals, especially herbivores, are at their utmost beauty and health, thanks to the abundance of food, this is also the time of births of herbivorous puppies.
There are many more species of birds in this period, as there are also the paleartic migratory species; many species are in the mating period, and many of them change their plumage and other parts of their body.